Periodontitis: Symptoms, Treatment and Prevention

Posted on: 14 January 2015

It is important to recognize the diseases of the gum to avoid acceleration and subsequent complications. Periodontitis refers to inflammatory illnesses that affect the gum tissues that provide support to the teeth. While all dentists are capable of providing treatment for the condition, there are specialists known as periodontists who deal with severe cases. The infection is caused by microorganisms which grow on teeth, coupled with aggressive immune responses from the body. Eventually, the gum structure becomes compromised, it wears away and the teeth come loose. When you notice the signs and symptoms, it is vital to see a dentist for diagnosis and treatments.

Signs and Symptoms

Many individuals do not identify the onset of the disease because the symptoms are not obvious at the beginning. Often, when the affected seeks dental care, the condition has progressed significantly and effects such as teeth loss will be permanent. The tissues of the gum may swell recurrently and there may be relative redness. Normal oral practices such as brushing teeth and flossing will cause bleeding. There may be apparent teeth lengthening resorting from gingival recession as well as increased space between the teeth and gum. Halitosis, pus and a bad taste in the mouth are also distinct possibilities. Consult your dentist as soon as you notice these signs to limit irreversible damage.


The diagnosis for periodontitis is determined by radiographic examination of the soft tissues surrounding the teeth. The dentist is able to establish the extent of degradation in the gum. If the condition is still in the early stages, dental cleaning procedures such as scaling and planning will eliminate the tartar and bacteria. Antibiotics may also be necessary for facilitating the control of the bacterial infection. When the disease is in its advanced stages, dental surgery will be required to restore the gum tissue. Such procedures include bone and tissue grafting, tissue regeneration and flap surgery. It is essential to note that apart from teeth loss, there are other complications associated with advanced periodontitis including heart disease, stroke and respiratory problems. This is attributed to the dental bacteria finding its way to the circulatory system.


Good oral hygiene is the best approach to minimize the risk of contracting gum diseases. By brushing your teeth daily and flossing, you will prevent development of plaque and reduce bacterial growth. Ensure that you visit a dentist, such as those at the Jeffcott Dental Clinic, for periodic checkups at least once a year. Also, get professional cleaning often if you have periodontitis risk factors such as poor immunity and diabetes.