Treatment Options for Dental Sensitivity

Posted on: 28 October 2015

The tooth enamel is the visible outer layer of the dental structure. This contains a high mineral content, so the tissue is resilient and protects the internal layers of the teeth. In addition, the enamel does not contain nerves or blood vessels when fully formed. This means that it prevents dental pain when the teeth are exposed to extreme temperatures and pressure. Unfortunately, the enamel can become eroded, and this will lead to exposure of the sensitive dentin tooth layer.

This condition is known as tooth sensitivity, and you might experience it continuously or intermittently. The erosion can occur as a result of dental cavities, bruxism, abfractions, aggressive brushing and even ingestion of acidic foods. The dentine is connected to nerves and blood vessels, so you will experience pain when you eat hot, cold and sweet foods. Here are the main treatment options for your dental sensitivity.

Desensitising Medication

Your dentist can recommend the use of desensitising medication if you are experiencing relatively high levels of discomfort or pain. These pharmaceuticals are generally proprietary products, so you will need to inquire about the specific ingredients in the prescribed brand. Generally, the desensitising medication is applied directly on the surface of the teeth with a special brush. The mixture works by sealing the pores in the dentin layer that are connected to the nerves and blood vessels. This treatment is effective in eliminating sensitivity, and it is non-invasive.

Fluoride Treatment

If the tooth sensitivity is still mild, the enamel erosion is in the initial stages. You can prevent the continued damage of your teeth by seeking dental medical assistance immediately. Generally, the doctor will recommend fluoride treatment for early dental sensitivity. The products are designed to promote remineralisation of the enamel layer. Basically, the fluoride therapy is intended to rebuild the protective layer of the teeth in order to prevent sensitivity. This option is effective as long as the dental structure is not damaged to the point where cavities begin to form. The dentist will apply the fluoride directly on the sensitive teeth. Prescription fluoride might also be recommended to promote long-term success.

Invasive Procedures

Severe tooth sensitivity can affect the quality of your life, so invasive therapies might be necessary. Surgical gum graft is an appropriate option if your gums have receded and the pain is originating from an exposed tooth root. Root canal therapy is performed if none of the non-invasive procedures are producing good results. This involves removal of the problem-causing nerves and blood vessels in the dental pulp cavity.

If you're experienced tooth sensitivity, contact a local dentist to schedule and appointment and make a treatment plan.